Tailoring Design of Nanomaterials and Systems to Individualize Patient Treatments
Keywords:nanomedicine, nanocarriers, mRNA therapeutics, siRNA therapeutics, Cancer immunotherapy
Nanomedicine encompasses usage of materials smaller than 100 nm for diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of disease. A frequent application of these materials is in reformulation of active drugs, which were previously approved for clinical use. As illustrated with chemotherapeutics, delivery of a drug within a nanocarrier can represent a clear clinical benefit as it can increase its targeted uptake and reduce the off-target toxicity. Matching nanomedicine treatments with patient-specific biomarkers provides an exciting prospect for moving the filed towards precision medicine. In parallel, a strong potential for personalized treatments comes from employing nanomaterials for the delivery of patient-tailored biologically active molecules. Recent research and clinical data have highlighted mRNA and siRNA molecules, as well as short peptides, as powerful new drug classes that can be designed according to patient profiles and effectively delivered within nanoparticles. Particles used for therapeutic delivery are based on biodegradable and safe materials, frequently lipids and polymers, which can be further functionalized into more complex forms. Currently, there is a strong interest in developing specific nanocarrier formulations which can achieve optimal delivery of active molecules to targeted cells while reducing unwanted side-effects. Here, we discuss recent developments and future perspectives in the nanomedicine field and specifically highlight innovative approaches for the personalized patient treatments.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Marija Buljan, Peter Wick
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