Towards a Plastic Circular Economy: Bio-derived Plastics and their End-of-life Strategies
Keywords:Biodegradable plastics, Catalysis, Circular economy, Renewable plastics
Herein, we describe the status of bio-derived plastics as well as the existing and emerging technologies that are available for their post-consumer end-of-life valorization. We first present how bio-derived plastics can be produced from renewable materials such as biomass and CO2. In the second section, we present an overview of the technologies available for the end-of-life, including pyrolysis and gasification and how they can be leveraged towards a circular economy. We continue the discussion with the presentation of an emerging technology, polyolefin hydrocracking. Finally, the concepts are discussed in light of life cycle analysis that aid in assessing the sustainability of manufacture (and recycling) methods.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Simon B. C. Verstraeten, Antoine van Muyden, Felix D. Bobbink
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.