Expression and Amplification of Chirality in Two-Dimensional Molecular Crystals
Keywords:Chirality, Conglomerates, Crystallization, Enantiomorphism, Scanning tunneling microscopy
AbstractChirality can be bestowed onto achiral surfaces by adsorption of chiral molecules. This offers a good opportunity to study two-dimensional chiral crystallization phenomena, like lateral resolution of enantiomers or the transfer of handedness from single molecules into mesoscopic ensembles with high resolution by scanning probe microscopy. Induction of homochirality on surfaces via cooperatively amplified interactions in molecular monolayers is a new phenomenon of supramolecular surface chirality. Prochiral molecules will turn into either handedness upon adsorption, but doping with intrinsically chiral molecules breaks this symmetry and induces homochirality. A similar effect is induced by a small enantiomeric excess. The excess molecules provide the chiral bias that becomes amplified into single lattice chirality.
How to Cite
K.-H. Ernst, Chimia 2008, 62, 471, DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2008.471.
Copyright (c) 2008 Swiss Chemical Society
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